Which countries have the best bunkers? Why are bunkers important?

A bunker is a stronghold built to protect people or valuables from possible damage, either from a catastrophe like bombing or from natural disasters like tornados. Bunkers are most often built underground. In many cases, urban tunnels or sections of subway tunnels are constructed to be durable and can be used as bunkers if necessary. Many bunkers were used during World War I and World War II. During the Cold War, there was a very real threat of nuclear attacks, so the number of bunkers constructed increased.

Many countries’ laws require the building of bunkers ever since the Cold War, due to their resistance to radioactive debris or other forms of toxic nuclear fallout. Switzerland, for example, has the largest number of such shelters in the world as compared to its population.

Bunkers have a regulatory system of standards so as to best protect the people and contents within. Due to the current war between Russia and Ukraine, many are taking notice of the countries in the world that have the best bunkers, as that can give people a sense of security in case of nuclear war.

The 3 countries with the best bunkers

United States

The United States is at the top of the list for quality of bunkers. Government officials of the United States have chosen their preferred bunkers in the states of Virginia and Pennsylvania, while many US families choose South Dakota as the location of their potential fallout shelters.

The most famous bunker in the United States is located in South Dakota, near the Black Hills. It was originally built by the Army Corps of Engineers as a fortress to store bombs and munitions. It was active from 1942-1967, when the base was retired. The bunkers reamined empty and unused until Vivos purchased the property and repurposed them. The property now consists of 575 concrete bunkers, and it’s located in one of the safest areas of North America due to the mild weather, inland location, and distance from known military nuclear targets. Each bunker can withstand a 500,000-pound internal blast. The bunker also offers numerous amenities, like 24/7 security with military-trained guards, a general store, a members-only restaurant and bar, a theater, a gym, and a medical center.


Sweden is home to around 65,000 bunkers that are fit to host 7 million people. The government of Sweden has been said to have plans to begin building even more. The bunkers are built into apartments, offices, garages, and even mountains. They are designed to keep Sweden’s population safe in the event of war. The first bunkers were built during the 1940s to protect civilians from potential air raids, but most of them were built in the ‘50s and ‘60s when there was the threat of nuclear war. One of the most important Swedish bunkers is the Klara bunker. It is Stockholm’s major civil air raid shelter, designed for civilians as well as members of Sweden’s government. It is located in central Stockholm and was built during the Cold War.


Switzerland hasn’t been engaged in a military conflict for over 150 years, but hidden beneath the country’s surface is a vast network of military bunkers and fallout shelters. These, like the bunkers of the aforementioned countries, exist to protect the Swiss people from the potential onset of war and nuclear devastation. Switzerland is unique in having enough bunkers to accommodate its entire population. This is due to Swiss law once dictating that all houses above a particular size were required to also build an underground bunker. This resulted in enough bunkers for all 8 million Swiss citizens to hunker down in should the need arise.

Luxury bunkers for Billionaires

Besides the bunkers built to protect citizens in cities, there is an increasing demand for the construction of private structures to protect the wealthy from risk. Everyone from big-business managers to sports stars to tech executives have chosen to design their own secret shelters to house their families and staff.

These bunkers are often constructed with plate steel and are designed to last for generations. They contain enough storage for a minimum of one years’ worth of food per resident and can withstand earthquakes.

For those who want their underground life to mimic that of the world aboveground, developers have worked to create communities with a wide range of amenities and staff, even including hiring people like doctors and teachers.

An excellent example is the luxury bunker in the Czech Republic, which offers a ground level golf course, a helipad, a spa, a swimming pool, a garden with simulated natural light, a cinema, a library, a billiards room, a conference and communications room, a gym, a well-stocked bar, an extravagant wine cellar, and a hospital with a dental surgery facility. All of this is not even to mention the 5-star accomodations with whirlpool baths, double sinks, and rainfall showers. And of course, there are mandatory facilities to manage water, air, food, and electricity.

In conclusion

Bunkers began being constructed most seriously during the Cold War due to the threat of nuclear attacks. Many countries, even the most neutra, are looking to continue building safe shelters for their citizens. As the nuclear threat has risen in recent years, many countries have taken the issue of building bunkers seriously.

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